Velociraptor was a small, feathered, carnivorous dinosaur. Velociraptors and their relatives are among the closest relatives to the birds. They share a number of bird-like features including a foldable wrist and large feathers. It is almost certain that Velociraptor behaved like a bird, especially in how it cared for its young.
Velociraptor fossils have been found within the Djadochta and Barun Goyot Formations of Mongolia. The conditions here, in the hot, dry Gobi Desert, would have been very similar 75 million years ago. Velociraptor shared its habitat with Protoceratops and Pinacosaurus as well as ankylosaurs and numerous species of lizard.
Raptors in general are thought to have been able to hear low frequency sounds best.
Velociraptor had around 15 widely spaced teeth on each side of its jaw. Velociraptor sliced its prey with serrated teeth.
Velociraptor had an excellent sense of smell, just like T. rex. Both would have had a nose to rival a bloodhound.
The best ever fossil find has got to be the 'fighting dinosaur'. This beautifully preserved fossil was uncovered in 1971 in the Mongolian Gobi Desert and shows Velociraptor in a death grip with a Protoceratops. It is the most direct evidence of predation ever seen in the fossil record.
Height: 0.8m (2.46ft)
Length: 1.8m (5.9ft)
Weight: 18.14kg (40lbs)
Top speed: 39kph (24.23mph)
Vision: Velociraptor had excellent binocular vision and its eyesight was among the best of all dinosaurs. In fact, its eyesight was so advanced that it was close to that of our modern-day birds.
Skin: Although Velociraptor had feathers, it probably would have been unable to fly due to its small forearms. Instead, its feathers might have been used for display, temperature control, manoeuvrability or in shielding their nests.
Brain: Velociraptor is one of the most intelligent dinosaurs known. The dromaeosaurs were in general highly intelligent.
Prey: Velociraptor were thought to have chased down their prey, leaping on top and gripping them with their sickle claws. Velociraptor would have eaten a modest amount, probably about as much as a chicken each day.
Bite: Velociraptor's bite was probably around 3,000 newtons, much lower than T. rex's at 57,000 newtons but on a par with a lion.
Nest: Velociraptor would have laid bird-like, ornithoid eggs about the size of an emu egg and not unlike all other theropod eggs.